|From a Gaseous Mass to the Heavens and the Earth
The Quran was
revealed in the seventh century. Many statements pertaining to
physical phenomena are dispersed throughout the Quran. These are
there in the Quran to draw the attention of people to the wonders
of Allahs creation. Any other seventh century book making statements
about the physical universe would surely contain mistakes. Our knowledge
of physical sciences in the twentieth century is far advanced beyond the
imagination of people living the seventh century.
What will come as a surprise to many people is that of
all the numerous statements about scientific matters found in the Quran,
not one of those have proved contrary to the established facts of science.
On the other hand, many of those statements have already been verified
by modern scientific studies, and we confidently expect that as various
fields of knowledge advance, other Quranic statements will likewise prove
Let us look at some of the statements which science has
already verified. Concerning the creation of the heavens and the earth,
the Quran says that prior to the creation, the Heaven was smoke.
God then commanded it and the earth to come into being and they came willingly
(see surah 41:11). How does that compare with modern scientific explanations?
Let us hear a scientific explanation and then judge for ourselves.
The French scientist Dr. Maurice Bucaille in his book called The Bible,
the Quran and Science explains:
At the earliest time it can provide us with, modern science has
every reason to maintain that the universe was formed
from a gaseous mass principally composed of hydrogen and a certain amount
of helium that was slowly rotating
Didnt the Quran say that the Heaven was smoke before its creation?
Dr. Bucaille explains the connection between
his description and that of the Quran as follows:
Smoke is generally made up of a gaseous substratum, plus, in more
or less stable suspension, fine particles that may
belong to solid and even liquid states of matter at high or low temperature
He therefore sees no contradiction of the Quranic use of the Arabic word
dukhan (translated smoke) and a modern
interpretation of that word as a gaseous mass with fine particles when
speaking of the formation of the universe.
We notice here two remarkable feaures of the Quran.
The first feature is that it expresses scientific truths that will be
verified many centuries later. The second feature is that the Quran
expresses those truths using terms and expressions
that would avoid confusing its first readers in the seventh century. The
seventh century reader of the Quran can easily
relate to the image of smoke, and the twentieth century scientist can
easily interpret the word as a gaseous mass.