Organization of the Universe

What the Qur’an mentions about the organization of the Universe is important because “these references constitute a
new fact of divine Revelation” (The Bible, the Qur’an and Science, p. 153). The Qur’an deals with this matter in
depth although this is not dealt with in the previous scriptures.

Dr. Maurice Bucaille also points out the important fact that the Qur’an does not contain “the theories prevalent at the
time of the Revelation that deal with the organization of the celestial world” (p. 153). If the Qur’an was authored by
any human being, he or she would have naturally included the ideas prevalent at the time. But many of those ideas
were later shown to be naccurate. How did the author of the Qur’an know enough to exclude those ideas, unless the
author is God himself?

Those who say that Muhammad authored the Qur’an think that the Arabs were very knowledgeable in the field of
Science, and Muhammad was or course one of them. But this explanation is based on the incorrect assumption that
the Arabs knew Science before the Qur’an was revealed. As pointed out by Dr. Bucaille, the fact is that Science in
Islamic countries came after the Qur’an, not before. “In any case”, writes Dr. Bucaille, “the scientific knowledge of
that great period would not have been sufficient for a human being to write some of the verses to be found in the
Qur’an” (The Bible, the Qur’an and Science, p. 153-154)

Modern astronomers are aware that the stars and planets are kept within ranges of precise distances from each other.
Had it not been for this fact, collision between them would be inevitable. The author of the Qur’an was also aware of
this. In the Qur’an we read “the sun and the moon (are subjected) to calculations (Qur’an 55:5).

Again, we read:

“For you (God) subjected the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses” (Qur’an 14:33).

The phrase ‘diligently pursuing their courses’ is a translation of the Arabic term daa’ib which here means ‘to apply
oneself to something with care in a perseverant, invariable manner, in accordance with set habits’ (The Bible, the
Qur’an and Science, p.155). And that indeed is how the sun and moon behave.

Another verse in the Qur’an says, “the stars are in subjection to His command” (Qur’an 16:12).

Order in the universe is essential for its preservation. God, who subjected them to that order knew about it before any