|Organization of the Universe
What the Quran
mentions about the organization of the Universe is important because these
references constitute a
new fact of divine Revelation (The Bible, the Quran and Science,
p. 153). The Quran deals with this matter in
depth although this is not dealt with in the previous scriptures.
Dr. Maurice Bucaille also points out the important fact that the Quran
does not contain the theories prevalent at the
time of the Revelation that deal with the organization of the celestial
world (p. 153). If the Quran was authored by
any human being, he or she would have naturally included the ideas prevalent
at the time. But many of those ideas
were later shown to be naccurate. How did the author of the Quran
know enough to exclude those ideas, unless the
author is God himself?
Those who say that Muhammad authored the Quran
think that the Arabs were very knowledgeable in the field of
Science, and Muhammad was or course one of them. But this explanation
is based on the incorrect assumption that
the Arabs knew Science before the Quran was revealed. As pointed
out by Dr. Bucaille, the fact is that Science in
Islamic countries came after the Quran, not before. In any
case, writes Dr. Bucaille, the scientific knowledge of
that great period would not have been sufficient for a human being to
write some of the verses to be found in the
Quran (The Bible, the Quran and Science, p. 153-154)
Modern astronomers are aware that the stars and planets
are kept within ranges of precise distances from each other.
Had it not been for this fact, collision between them would be inevitable.
The author of the Quran was also aware of
this. In the Quran we read the sun and the moon (are subjected)
to calculations (Quran 55:5).
Again, we read:
For you (God) subjected the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing
their courses (Quran 14:33).
The phrase diligently pursuing their courses is a translation
of the Arabic term daaib which here means to apply
oneself to something with care in a perseverant, invariable manner, in
accordance with set habits (The Bible, the
Quran and Science, p.155). And that indeed is how the sun and moon
Another verse in the Quran says, the stars are in subjection
to His command (Quran 16:12).
Order in the universe is essential for its preservation. God, who subjected
them to that order knew about it before any