|What Holds up the Sky?
Today scientists speak
of gravitational forces that hold the heavenly bodies apart from each
other and prevent them
from colliding with each other. How was this to be conveyed to the first
readers of the Quran? God tells us in the
Quran that He is the One Who raised the sky (Quran 55:7) and
that he holds it back from falling on the earth (Quran 22:65). But
how exactly does God do this? If the author of the Quran was a human
being, it would have been very easy for the author to copy the answer
question from the Bible. But today no one will believe that answer.
In the New American Bible, a picture is drawn to show
how the authors of the Bible imagined the world to look like.
In that picture, the sky resembles an overturned bowl and is supported
by columns (The New American Bible, St.
Josephs Medium Size Edition, pp. 4-5). The earth in that picture
is flat, and is also supported by pillars. After
describing the picture at length, the editors of that Bible conclude by
calling that idea of the world a prescientific
concept of the universe.
At the time when the Quran was being revealed, anyone could have
easily believed this description which was
already found in the Bible. It is only in modern times that people would
know better. How did the author of the
Quran avoid this mistake?
God says in the Quran that He created the heavens without
any pillars that you can see (Quran 31:10). Again, the
God is the One Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you
can see (Quran 13:2).
Dr. Maurice Bucaille comments:
These two verses refute the belief that he vault of the heavens
was held up by pillars, the only things preventing the
former from crushing the earth (The Bible, the Quran and Science,
To be able to avoid that prescientific error, the author of the Quran
must have been either a modern scientist, or God