|The Sun & Moon and Their Orbits
Today we know that
the Moon revolves around the earth in approximately 29.5 days. The sun
also revolves in its
own orbit. To understand the suns orbit, Dr. Bucaille says that
the position of the sun in our galaxy must be
considered, and we must therefore call on modern scientific ideas (The
Bible, the Quran and Science, p. 162).
Our galaxy, the milky way galaxy, includes one hundred billion stars situated
in such a formation that the galaxy is
shaped like a disc. This disc turns around its centre like a gramaphone
record. Now, it is obvious that when a
gramaphone record turns, any point on the disc would move around and come
back to its original position. Similarly,
every star in the galaxy moves as the galaxy rotates on its axis. Therefore
the stars that are away from the centre of
the galaxy orbit around the axis. The sun is one of those stars.
Dr. Bucaille explains that modern science has worked
out the details of the suns orbit as follows:
To complete one revolution on its own axis, the galaxy and the sun
take roughly 250 million years. The sun travels
roughly 150 miles per second in the completion of this (The Bible,
the Quran and Science, p. 162).
After describing this, Dr. Bucaille comments:
The above is the orbital movement of the sun that was already referred
to in the Quran fourteen centuries ago. (The
Bible, the Quran and Science, p. 162)
And yet this is a new finding. As Dr. Bucaille says, the knowledge of
the suns orbit is an acquisition of modern
astronomy (The Bible, the Quran and Science, p. 162).
Two verses in the Quran refer to the orbits of the sun and moon.
After mentioning the sun and the moon, God says:
Each one is travelling in an orbit with its own motion (Quran
How did the author of the Quran know of this? Even
after the Quran was revealed, early commentators could not
conceive of the orbits of the sun and moon. The tenth century commentator
Tabari could not explain this so he said,
It is our duty to keep silent when we do not know (XVII, 15
quoted in The Bible, the Quran and Science, p. 161).
Dr. Bucaille comments:
This shows just how incapable men were of understanding this concept
of the suns and moons orbit. (The Bible,
the Quran and Science, p. 161).
From this it is clear that if the Quran was here expressing an idea
already known to the people, the commentaors
would have easily understood it. But this, as Dr. Bucaille explains was
a new concept that was not to be explained
until centuries later (The Bible, the Quran and Science, p.
This confirms what God said to his prophet, on whom be peace:
This is of the tidings of the Unseen which we inspire in you (Muhammad).
Neither you nor your people knew it
before this (Quran 11:49).